Interestingly providing proof of living standards in Libya under Gaddafi is something that will really annoy people.
are eight international developmentgoals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizationshave agreed to achieve by the year 2015. They include eradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership for development
Libya’s GDP per capita income as of 2005 was estimated at US$ 10,335, well above the mean rates for medium human development countries. Government subsidies in health, agriculture, and food imports, alongside domestic income, education, and health indicators significantly support the achievement of this goal. As such, MDG Goal 1 is likely to be achieved within the 2015 timeframe.
Illiteracy rates in Libya have fallen from 61 per cent in 1971 to 14 per cent in 2001. As of 2005, the combined gross enrolment ratio for primary education stood at 95.9, thus ensuring that Libya is likely to achieve MDG Goal 2 within the 2015 timeframe. (Human Development Report 2007/2008
The Libyan legislature has strived to ensure that women in Libyan society are granted their full rights before the law, ensuring compatibility and consistency of Libyan legislative acts with those of the provisions of internationally recognized conventions. In addition, significant progress in gender equality has been most evident in education and health. While there is still much to be done in ensuring gender parity in political and economic representation, Libya is likely to achieve MDG Goal 3 within the 2015 timeframe. (Human Development Report 2007/2008)
In Libya, infant mortality rates have decreased from 105 per 1000 live births in 1970, to 18 in 2005. Mortality rates amongst children under five have seen a similar shift, with 24 per 1000 live births in 2005. Libya is therefore considered to be on track, and very likely to achieve MDG Goal 3 within the 2015 timeframe. (Human Development Report 2007/2008)
In 2005, maternal mortality in Libya was recorded at 97 per 100,000 live births. While this figure is above the average for high human development countries, Libya is working towards achieving MDG Goal 5, with 94% of births attended by skilled health personnel. With increased attention to public health delivery, Libya is likely to be achieve goal 5 within the 2015 timeframe.
While the human resources for health planning, production and management pose a considerable challenge in Libya, the gradual reintegration of the country into the international economy is leading to better availability of healthcare. The government provides free healthcare to all citizens and has achieved high coverage in most basic health areas. Furthermore, the government is substantially increasing the development budget for health services, and has already prepared clear-cut and comprehensive strategies for HIV/AIDS and TB. Consequently, Libya is likely to be achieve goal 6 within the 2015 timeframe.(Human Development Report 2007/2008)
Limited investment is being made in renewable energy sources, while NGO’s and CSO’s are pursuing eco-tourism ventures and nature conservation activities. However, there is still much to be done in terms of establishing recycling plans, promoting responsible power management and increasing education on the issue. Nevertheless, Libya is likely to be achieved within the 2015 timeframe.(Human Development Report 2007/2008).
Through the establishment of CENSAD (The Community of Sahel-Saharan States) and continued support to the african Union, Libya has made significant contribution towards partnership for development in Africa.